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Lamprey "Eels" in the Greater Northwest: A Survey of Tribal Sources, Experiences, and Sciences ...... Jay Miller.

Pacific Lamprey, an ancient and underappreciated "eel-like fish" that is endangered globally, is an important source of medicine, food, and heritage for Northwest tribes.Usually described by non-natives as "ugly," with sucker-like "mouths" and muscular snake-like bodies, their significance along the Columbia River and its tributaries, such as the Umatilla, is becoming better documented. Their diminishing catch at Rainbow Falls on the Chehalis River is documented here for the first time, followed by summaries of comparative traditional ecological knowledge studies for the Cowlitz, Yakama, Umatilla, and Klamath tribes. A review of biological data in the interests of "scientific" cooperation, relying heavily on urgent studies of invasive Atlantic Sea lamprey devastating the Great Lakes fishery, is followed by a brief consideration of the pros and cons of impacts from current federal laws, regulations, and memoranda of agreements. After millions of years as the major biomass of many Northwest rivers, hydropower dams and urban development, as well as impaired water quality, threaten to extinguish lamprey populations at the same time as local tribes underscore their need to preserve and protect them after centuries of cherished reliance
on them.

If interested in seeing the full length article, request a copy by contacting the editor at JONA@pocketinet.com.
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